The Holy Quran was revealed during the 7th century over a period of 23 years and 10 months completing in 632 AD,a time when science was primitive and people had many superstitions and groundless beliefs as far as scientific issues were concerned.They lacked both knowledge and technology to examine the universe and nature so they blindly believed in legends inherited from the past generations.For instance,they believed that the earth was flat and stationary and the mountains supported the sky above and that the sun revolved around the earth! All these misperceptions have now been clarified by developing technology but astonishingly they had been mentioned in the Quran at that primitive time.Here are 10 such facts that have been revealed recently by contemporary science but had been mentioned in the Quran centuries back when no such technology existed. Lets read and appreciate Top 10 Scientific Miracles Of The Quran.
10. Darkness In The Depth Of Sea
There lies immense darkness in deep oceans and seas at a depth of about 200 meter and below. It has been revealed by advanced measurements that 3-30% of light is reflected at sea surface and at about a depth of 200 km all the light is absorbed eventually resulting in complete darkness at about 1000 km. As humans can’t dive deeper than 70 meter,this fact remained aloof until recently, when special air equipment were introduced to discover the depths of the oceans, and it was thought that the depth of ocean has the same light content as the surface. But the Quran did mentioned it 14 centuries ago in Surah Noor 40 as:
“Or the unbelievers are like the darkness of a fathomless sea which is covered by waves above which are waves above which are clouds,layers of darkness,one over the other”(Quran,24:40)
9. Protective Layers Of The Sky And Its Returning Functions
It is repeatedly stated in the Quran that the sky is made up of seven layers each having a function specific to it which act collectively to protect our earth by “returning” certain substances either back to the earth or to the outer space.
“Then HE turned to heaven when it was smoke.In two days He determined them as seven heavens and revealed, in every heaven ,its own mandate”(Quran,41:12)
“By heaven with its cyclical(returning) systems” (Quran,80:11)
“We made the sky a protected roof still they turn away from our signs!” (Quran,21:32)
Scientists have found that the sky consists of exactly seven layers differing in physical properties as pressure and types of gases ,and they do protect the earth as stated in the Quran in the following way:
1. Troposphere present 13-15km above the earth condenses the water vapours rising from the earth to form rain and snow.
2. The Stratosphere containing the ozone layer present at an altitude of 25km prevents the harmful UV radiations from reaching the earth.
4. The Magnetosphere formed by the magnetic field of the earth serves as a shield to protect the earth from celestial bodies, harmful cosmic rays and radioactive particles. The earths large iron-nickel core is responsible for the strong magnetic field which forms the VAN ALLEN BELT to protect the earth from radiation bombardment.
5. The Thermosphere maintains the temperature of the earth and protects it from the freezing cold of the space which is about minus 270 degree!
6.The Ionosphere is basically a layer of ionized gases and it brings about wireless communication and radio + television broadcasting by reflecting radio wave broadcasts from earth back down to different parts of the world just like a passive communication satellite.
7. Exosphere being the outer most part of the atmosphere extends from about 480km to 900km protecting it.
8. Pair In The Creation
“Glory to be him who created all the pairs, from what the earth produces and from themselves and from things unknown to them”(Quran,37:36)
Commonly the word “pair” relates to a male and female but the phrase “from things unknown to them” has a much wider perspective. Today, one of the meaning of the above verse has been revealed. The British scientist Paul Dirac proposed the “Parite” theory which states that ‘’Every particle has its antiparticle of opposite charge” and received the noble prize for physics in 1933. So, it maintains that every matter is paired with its opposite antimatter and the uncertainty relation tells us that pair creation and pair annihilation takes place in the vacuum at all times and in all places.
7. Land Loss At The Extremities
The Quran mentions
“Do they not see how we come to the land eroding it at its extremities?” (Quran,13:41)
“ Do they not see how we come to the land eroding it from its extremities?” (Quran,21:44)
NASA spacecraft researchers have found out that proton, electrons and alpha particles are bombarded on the earth due to energy explosions on the sun which cause oxygen and other gases to disperse into space from the outer layer of the earth’s atmosphere. This loss of matter was first observed on 24 September 1998.The present rate of matter loss from the extremities is calculated to be 3 kg per second. The earth is protected from complete erosion by strong magnetic field of the magnetosphere.
Furthermore, there is another aspect to this verse. Due to global warming, the polar ice caps are melting and the water level in the oceans is rising ,covering the coastal areas in the process. The word “extremities” may well be pointing to the coastal areas being covered up by water hence decreasing total amount of land. Scientists at Goddard Space Institute, a NASA research centre in Manhattan compared data from 1950’s submarines observation with that of 1990’s demonstrating that ice cover over arctic basin has thinned by 45%.
6. The Expansion Of The Earth
Highly accurate measurements from various contemporary branches of science have established that our earth is expanding continuously as a result of which the continents are moving away from one another at a rate of 3cm per year. The famous German scientist Alfred Lothar Wegener proposed in his book Die Entstehung der Kontinente und Ozeane (The Origin of Continents and Oceans) in 1915 that all the continents had originally been one single land mass known as Greek word “PANGEA” which means “all continents”. His theory of “Continental drift states that the ocean floor and the continents drift together over a layer of liquid magma under great heat and pressure known as “Astenosphere” or the “ upper crust”. The movement of tectonic plates bearing the continents leads to formation of wide valleys of mountains such as the Great Rift Valley in the East Africa-Arabia Regions
Furthermore the book “The Expanding Earth” describes how it is not only mountains but also certain river beds that are formed due to the “expansion” of the earth!
This phenomenon of the expansion of the earth in the context to the formation of mountains and rivers had been mentioned in the Quran centuries ago as:
“It is He who stretched out the world and placed firmly embedded mountains and rivers in it and made two types of every kind of fruit.He covers over day with right.There are signs in that for people who reflect.” (Surah Ar Ra’d,3)
5. Functions Of Mountains
The Quran mentions a very important geological function of mountains as:
“We placed firmly embedded mountains so it would not move under them” (Quran; 21:31)
“Have we not made the earth as a bed and the mountains its pegs?”
It states that the mountains prevent shocks in the earth by stabilizing it, a phenomena known as ISOSTASY. From a more scientific perspective formerly it was believed that mountains were merely protrusions bulging from the surface of the earth but now geological research has revealed that a mountain roots also extends deep in the earth as far as 10-15 times as the height of mountains playing a role parallel to a nail/peg holding down a tent. For instance, Mount Everest whose summit stands approximately 9km above the earth has a root deeper than 125 km!
4. The Earth’s Direction Of Rotation
“You will see the mountains and reckon them to be solid ; but they go past like clouds.. the handiwork of ALLAH; who gives to everything its solidity. He is aware of what you do.” (Quran,27:88)
This verse emphasizes that our earth doesn’t only rotates randomly but has a specific direction of rotation. This verse establishes a direct link between direction of the clouds and that of the earth. Aviational studies have showed that the main cloud masses at the height of about 3500-4000 meters always move from west to east. This is the reason why it is the state of weather in the west which is considered in meteorological forecasts. The main reason to why these cloud masses are pulled from west to east lies in the direction of the earth. After much research it is now confirmed that our earth spins in a anticlockwise direction (west to east) pulling the clouds along with it. This universal fact was pointed out 1400 years ago in the Quran when the earth was believed to be flat and to be resting on the back of an ox!
3. Sequence In Development Of Human Organs
We are blessed with a number of senses that help us to survive. Interestingly, these senses are always referred to in a specific sequence in the Quran i.e hearing, sight and then thinking. For instance:
“It is HE who has created hearing, sight and minds for you. What little thanks you show!” (Quran,23:78)
“ALLAH brought you out of your mother’s womb knowing nothing at all, and gave you hearing, sight and minds so perhaps you would show thanks.” (Quran,16:78)
“We created man from a mingled drop to test him and we made him hearing and seeing” (Quran,76:2)
The sequence is the same everywhere in the Quran. Its wisdom was understood lately with advancement in medical science. Dr Keith L. Moore states in his paper published in the Journal of Islamic Medical Association that during fetal development of the ears begin to develop at about 22nd day of pregnancy and are functionally developed till the 4th month. The eye starts developing after the inner ear has assumed its first form and after the ear and eyes have developed the brain starts developing. So, the specific order set out in the Quran is striking from this view.
2. The Expansion Of The Universe
In the beginning of the 20th century, Russian physicist Alexander Friedmann and Belgian cosmologist Georges Lemaitre proposed theoretically that our universe is in constant motion and is expanding ever since. Later in 1929,the American astronomer Edwin Hubble discovered that the stars and galaxies show a red shift i.e they are constantly moving away from one another. This inevitable fact was described centuries ago when astronomy was much primitive in the Quran as:
“And it is We who constructed the heaven with might and verily it is we who are steadily expanding it” (AL Quran, 51:47)
Note: the word “heaven” refers to the universe in QURAN.
1. The Death Of The Sun
“And the sun runs to its resting place.That is the decree of the Almighty , the All Knowing” (Surah Yaseen, 38)
“He has made the sun and and moon subservient , each running for a specified time. He directs the whole affair. He makes the signs clear so that hopefully you will be certain about the meeting with your lord. (Surah Ar’Rad -2)”
“He wraps the night around the day and wraps the day around the night and has made the sun and the moon subservient, each one running for a specified time. Is He indeed the Almighty the endlessly forgiving?” (Surah Az-Zumar -5)
It is describes by the scientists that the sun has been emitting energy for about 5 billion years and it all happened because of constant fusion reaction taking place on its surface in which its matter is consumed as hydrogen nuclei are turned into helium during the process. It has been scientifically calculated that the sun consumes 4 million tons of matter a second and eventually the sun will come to an end once all the fuel is used up.
A report titled “The Death of the Sun” by BBC Science Department also explains this inevitable fact in the manner that once the sun runs out of its Helium supply, its core won’t be able to reignite itself for the third time and the sun will gradually fade out.
A documentary also called “The Death of the Sun” broadcasted by National Geographic TV provides the description that as the sun ages it becomes hotter and expands eventually killing all life on earth. It will consume more and more fuel as it’ll grow bigger and hotter and become a red giant star and when it’ll run out of fuel it will shrink into a white dwarf star.
This fact that such a giant mass of energy would one day consume all its energy and expire was revealed in the Quran centuries ago when no one knew about the structure of the sun or whether what goes on inside it!
These 10 facts are only a reflection of what vast knowledge and wisdom this book holds within it. Many other scientific phenomena like the tsunami effect ,the heliocentric system ,cloning ,the aerodynamic forces ,the perfect equilibrium in the universe ,the structural differences between the sun ,moon and the other stars ,the sun’s trajectory ,the seas not mingling with one another ,the existence of microscopic life ,the earth disgorging its charges ,the miracle of iron ,black holes ,the relativity of time ,the star Sirius ,the proportion and formation of rain ,the Quasars and the gravitational lens effect and many more have been mentioned in the Quran since the 7th century. All these matters may sound trivial to us today as they had been debated upon and proved after extensive research in relative fields but it should be kept in mind that at the time when Quran was revealed, technology was much primitive .No microscope, telescopes or anything even close to the technology we have today existed at that time. So, the claim that the scientific facts stated in the Quran are a mere coincidence would rather be irrational. Quran is not a book of science but it is consistent with science as Professor Maurice Bucaille says in his book “The Bible, The Quran and Science” which has been a matter of consideration for the past 19 years. Its knowledge ranges from basic arithmetic to the most advanced topics in astrophysics. Just like it contains knowledge about the natural world, it also contains information about the inner dimensions of our soul. It relates to our feelings, wants and needs. It is a complete code of life.