What Is Dyspepsia ?
Dyspepsia is a common condition that is also known as indigestion or stomach upset, a condition of impaired digestion. It is a functional disease in which the organs of the gastrointestinal tract, mainly the stomach and 1st part of the small intestines, works abnormally.
What Are The Symptoms Of Dyspepsia ?
Dyspepsia is characterized by recurrent or chronic pain in the upper abdomen, fullness of upper abdomen and feeling full earlier when eating. Other symptoms of this disease include nausea, heartburn, bloating or blenching and abdominal distension. The symptoms are generally stimulated by eating. In some cases symptoms can appear earlier after a meal, whereas some individuals have feeling of fullness during a meal, even if they have not eaten enough food.
Main Causes Of Dyspepsia.
The cause of this condition can be any benign or serious condition that affects the stomach. Indigestion or dyspepsia is commonly generated by stomach acid that comes into contact with mucosal lining of the digestive system. The acid of the stomach breaks down the mucosa lining, causing irritation and inflammation that leads to the symptoms of indigestion. Dyspepsia is frequently caused by gastritis or GERD (gastro esophageal reflux disease) and in some cases it may be the 1st symptom of peptic ulcer and rarely of cancer, therefore require further investigations. This condition is directly related to eating and drinking in large number of cases and in few cases it is caused by some medication or infection. An inability to digest dairy products can also be a cause of this disease, whereas anxiety and depression can also lead to this disease. Most individuals will experience few symptoms of dyspepsia in all through their life.
This disease is generally diagnosed on the basis of typical symptoms and the omission of non- gastrointestinal disorders, non functional gastrointestinal issues and psychiatric disorders. There are various tests that can be used for the exclusion of other diseases like blood tests, endoscopy, x- rays, abdominal ultrasound, computed tomography etc.
Best Treatment For Dyspepsia.
In most of the patients, dyspepsia is mild and does not occur frequently. In some cases there is no need of medication or treatment, however if you experience severe pain or discomfort then you should consult your doctor. The treatment for dyspepsia or indigestion depends on the cause of the problem and how severe the symptoms are and if there is no specific cause then treatment targets on relieving symptoms with medicine.
Change is lifestyle
The symptoms of this common disease can be resolved by changing your lifestyle. Individuals should change their eating habits as it is best to have several small meals at some intervals instead of having two or three large meal. Late night snacks should be avoided. Avoid spicy food as they have lot of acid and coffee that can make dyspepsia poor in some individuals. Eating chocolate, mint, drinking alcohol can also make this condition worse as these things relax the sphincter between the stomach and the esophagus. Quit stoking as it is extremely injurious to health. Wear comfortable clothes and loose weight if you are over weight.
Medications For Dyspepsia.
Antacids are the first choice of drug in treating dyspepsia or indigestion. H-2- receptor antagonists lowers the level of stomach acids and last longer as compared to antacids whereas antacids effect faster. Another medication that is used in treating dyspepsia are proton pump inhibitors, they are very effective in patients experiencing gastro esophageal reflux disease. The proton pump inhibitors effectively reduce stomach acid and are stronger as compared to H-2 antagonists. If Helicobacter pylori is the cause of the problem then antibiotics are given and if no cause for dyspepsia is found after an extensive evaluation and the patient does not respond to treatment then anti-depressants are prescribed by the doctors. These antidepressants ease the discomfort of patient by reducing sensation of pain.
In majority of cases dyspepsia is mild and does not occur frequently. However, severe dyspepsia can lead to following complications.
1) Esophageal Stricture
If acid reflux is the cause of dyspepsia, it irritates the mucosa and the esophagus can become traumatized and can usually become constricted and narrow. Individuals with esophageal stricture may have swallowing issues and often surgery is required to open up the esophagus.
2. Pyloric Stenosis
Prolonged irritation of the mucosa of the digestive tract from stomach leads to condition known as pyloric stenosis. Pylorus is the portion between the stomach and the small intestine. In this condition it becomes narrow and traumatized that leads to improper digestion of food and surgery is recommended to widen the pylorus.
Inflammation of the peritoneum is known as peritonitis and surgery is required to repair the injury to the peritoneum and sometimes antibiotics are given to deal with infection.