Necropolises are large archaic cemetery with intricate tomb monuments. They are also termed as the cities of the dead and come into sight in all over the world from old ages to the contemporary day. Some of these dead cities draped because of overpopulation while others were precisely planned. In some cases, these necropolises are absolute facsimile of the living world, where individuals wish to get buried. These dead cities are sign that every individual who comes to this world, have to gone from this world. Here is the list of 10 cities of dead with their buried secrets.
10. Ordek’s Necropolis
Ordek’s Necropolis also known as the Xiahole ‘Little River’ Tomb complex, refers to a burial site of bronze-age in Xinjiang of Western China. It is an elongated sand knoll, from where over thirty well mummified bodies that were entombed in air-compact ox-hide bags were discovered. The salty soil and dry climate mummified the bodies.
It is an Etruscan cemetery, lies on a hill east of Traquinia in Italy. Monterozzi necropolis is a mirror of an Etruscan town plan. It has almost 6,000 graves and about 200 of the tombs are embellished with shades. In 2004, it was entitled as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is notable for its embellished tombs, most of which are the reflections of Etruscan houses. The expressive art and design of this site offer the individuals to have a look on the urban civilization in Pre- Roman Italy.
8. Silwan Necropolis
This is the world’s oldest continually used Necropolis, located on the Mount of Olives of Jerusalem, Israel. It had been known since the 19 th century that old mausoleum exist in the village of Silwan, however the 1 st precise survey was not conducted until 1968. Silwan Necropolis is a reflection of Jerusalem with more than 150,000 graves and it expands during times of conflict. It is an archaeological site, contained some rock cut mausoleum of eminent caliber.
7. Kiev Pechersk Lavra
Kiev Pechersk Larva is a 900 year old monastery, situated at the hilly edges of the Dnieper River. This location was selected by the monks as it resides over a wide cave complex, which was used as funeral place for more than seven hundred years. The caves enclose the remnants of St. Anthony; the creator of the monastery as well as of his others brothers, saints and monks. The soil and climate of this region preserves the bodies that are still exhibited. The monastery played a fundamental role in developing Ukraine culture. The enormous cave system also encloses a museum of micro miniatures.
6. Solnitsata Necropolis
Designated as the oldest prehistoric town of Europe, Solnitsata cemetery lies in the North of Provadia, Bulgaria. The site is known to exist almost a 1000 years before Greek civilization. It was thought that the residents of this area shield priceless resources, as the town had tall, thick wall and it contain hardly 300 individuals. It is an old salt production site which was at that time was as valuable as gold and the key to development of this site.
5. Vatican Scavi
The Vatican Scavi is also referred as the Vatican Necropolis, secluded five to twelve meters under Saint Peter’s Basilica that is an amazing and gigantic wonder in the area named Vatican City. It is an enormous subterranean cemetery complex constructed around the Saint Peter’s tomb who was martyred at the time of rule of Nero in Roman. It exposed parts of cemetery of regal times. This work was performed at the petition of Pope Pius XI who desired to be entombed near to Saint Peter. There are agnostic cremation grounds with stone, small clay archives and medium sized stone mausoleum and some other remnants.
4. Hal Saflieni Hypogeum
It is a gigantic underground structure that was discovered in 2500 B.C, using enormous rigging to lift massive blocks of enclosed limestone. Originally, it was a shrine but became a cemetery in primeval times. It is a distinctive ancient monument that has a subterranean cemetery, originally enclosing the remnants of almost 7,000 individuals. This dead city is the only known ancient subterranean temple in the world. It is composed of three coatings superimposed on one another. Antlers and stone tools were used by the constructors to channel through the limestone. It also contains beads, ornaments and paintings that shed light on Maltese life of ancient times. It was believed that the funerals were organized in stages. 1 st , the flesh was permitted to decay from the bone and after that the dead bodies were transported to the chambers.
3. Necropolis of Wari khan
This city of dead was explored between 1925 & 1929 by archaeologists who started a campaign to the coast of Central Andes in Peru. They explored an intricate order of habitation, rituals and cemeteries, enclosing the renowned bottle shaped mausoleum named the “Paracas Cavernas” and a lofty slope congested with tapered funerary bundles that was called the Paracas Necropolis. Almost 2000 years ago, the site enclosed four twenty nine naturally preserved bodies in clusters. The Peruvian Andes’s dry air kept the teeth, hair and flesh of the corpses intact. In Wari Kayan cemetery, finely mummified bodies allow the scientists to determine their diet. These mummies were entombed with yards of impressive embroidered textiles that at present can be found in museums in all over the world
2. Orthi Petra
The cemetery of Orthi Petra is an element of the expansive archaeological section of archaic Eleftherna. Eleftherna was an old city state in Greece with unceasing habitation from 3000 Before Christ to the years of Byzantine Empire. Orthi Petra, the city of dead being located on the western slant of the archid Eleftherna hill, it plays as an aperture to the classical world. The archaic cemetery of this city of dead serves as reminiscence of ancient things, its archaeological findings often correspond with the classical verses. Its cemetery is still considered as the most important cemetery of Dark Ages. The discovery of the remnant of 4 females in this region was asserted as one of 2009’s top ten discoveries by the Archaeological Institute of America. All the females were entombed with expensive ornaments, showing the flourishing trade of the region.
1. Wadi-Us- Salaam
This largest world’s cemetery is also termed as Valley of Peace. It is an Islamic cemetery that is situated in the holy city of Najaf, Iraq. It occupies an area of 1,485.5 acres or 6.01 km 2 , contains more than five million bodies and is a place of attraction of millions of pilgrims every year. Najaf is known as the 3 rd most religious city to Shitte Muslims having a population of almost 600,000. Because of its location near to the shrine of Hazrat Imam Ali Ibn Abi Talib, the 1 st Shia Imam and the 4 th Sunni Caliph, many Shiites of Iraq wish to be buried in Wadi-Us- Salaam. Many Shia believe that Wadi- Us- Salaam is the place where all faithful Shia Muslim should be buried, irrespective of their homeland and no doubt due to improved transportation means, many Shias from all over the world are buried in the cemetery. In this largest world’s graveyard, individuals have been buried for more than 1,400 years in the form of layers and this process of burial is still continuing and the area is expanding.